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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 4, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, bbc "world news." tim: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am tim willcox. a suspected chemical attack in rebel-held northwestern syria kills nearly 60, including children, and injures hundreds more. russian investigators identify a suicide bomber they believe carried out the st. petersburg metro attack could and what makes sea water drinkable. it is all down to a miracle material.
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tim: hello. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. deeply distressing images are emerging from syria. at least people of that from my 50 chemical weapons attack. left joking, -- choking, fainting, and frothing at the mouth, and many of the dead are children. the attack happened in the rebel-help province of idlib. i should one you that some of the pictures in this report by -- the report are upsetting. the victim's lungs were badly affected. rescue workers did what they could to decontaminate the
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victims, including removing clothing or the poison can linger, and spraying freshwater. in a town happened that has been heavily bombed by the regime and russians in the last two days. province, the hospital was overwhelmed by casualties. >> all our wounded. some are dead. there are many certification cases -- suffocation cases. reporter: there doesn't seem to be much oxygen there, which could have saved more people. my children,son, my neighbors, my daughter. they are all gone. i only have god left. reporter: this morning, it looked like the attacks in 2013
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in damascus. confronted with seems like these, president obama threatened military action, and pulled back when syria gave up its chemical weapons. this latest a ham was caused by regime attack, it's sick tests some chemical weapons were held back. some chemical weapons were held back. >> an attack by the syrian regime. we condemn the use of chemical weapons. if proven, this could be evidence of the barbarism of the syrian regime. >> it was a chemical attack, and it came from the air. ofwill be stimulating all finding out technically what happened. reporter: president assad's regime denied it launched the attack. is one of the last rebel
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strongholds in syria. perhaps someone in the regime thought it was time to increase the pressure. the presidents regime is stronger than when the last big typical attack happened in 2013. perhaps the way the president faced down american threats then makes him think he can get away with it again. activist was reporting what happened. the hospital was hit by airstrikes. jerry smith supervised the removal of the syrian chemical arsenal after the 2013 attack. >> everything that they declared left the country. we can guarantee that. the issue becomes, is this new stuff, if it is a warfare agent, or is it undeclared? reporter: what happened shows
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once again the syrian war is far from over it. a long list of war crimes committed in this war has another entry. jeremy bowen, bbc news. the directoreak to of the woodrow wilson center. it happened before, he got away with it then. what should the world be doing now? >> issuing more than statements condemning it. he sort of got away with it before. he did surrender most of his are at hersenal obviously has chlorine and other substances that weren't declared. your last commentator said that. he cannot get away with it again. the eu has sanctioned syrians for doing this. the un is meeting today or tomorrow. this is when the united states
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needs our alliances. we can work effectively through these groups and impose actions on syria that i hope will curb this behavior. tim: a lot has changed in the last four years. a lot of it has gotten worse. sitting on the un security council is russia. >> theun probably doesn't work. the eu is trying to work. i am not saying they are effective ideas. i saw the statement from the trump administration. i agree limited strategic bombing would have been helpful, but we are where we are. rhetoric will not be enough. we need to consider, with the rest of the world, actions that. this gave your. assadtions that removing from power is not a priority may have been viewed by him as a permission slip. nikki haley has been tough. well i do not know that the the
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u.n. can act through the security council, she should explore every possible option, and we should explore working with our eu partners on every option there. tim: this is another war crime. to getdence, you need teams on the ground as quickly as possible for a case? >> we were able to prove last time that chemical weapons were used. i'm not sure how fast we got the team on the ground. we cannot put a team on the ground in this sort of danger get. some of these chemicals have half-lives. and we will be able to prove chlorine was used. changeould rex tillerson his statement saying it is up to the syrian people to decide if bashar al-assad should stay in power? >> ultimately it is up to the syrian people. has been trying to
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manage the syrian problem, and we have not gotten very far. i'm somewhat sympathetic. indicating that we will not respond, and i'm not saying he will do this, but not responding to a war crime of this magnitude, which is morally not annt and illegal, is option. we have to respond through our alliances. that would be a twofer. it would communicate we support them, and secondly it would be more effective than mounting this alone. how much optimism do you have that russia would admit knowing anything about this, given the relationship between america and russia? >> russia and turkey had a conversation, and both condemned it. hands fullas his
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with problems in his own country. it is to everyone's advantage to stop these attacks. i understand there is a long -- i get, and i get the complexity of it all. as an american citizen, i want my country not just to condemn morally repugnant actions, but to act to prevent more morally repugnant actions. you.thank russian investigators believe that monday's explosion on the st. petersburg was probably caused by a suicide bomber. steve rosenberg reports. steve: this is what chaos looks like underground. this mobile phone footage was shot seconds after the bomb. there was a mad scramble to get out of the train alive. "smash it, break it down," says a voice. some passengers were helped to
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safety. "give me your hand." at that moment, someone cries "mum, mum!" the injured are pulled away. he was on the train one carriage down. >> there was a flash, then panic. people screaming, crying. at moments like this you think about your parents. how will they live without you? when i got out of the carriage, i could hardly stand. i was in shock i was shaking. i saw blood, body parts, a horrifying scene. steve: here is the station today -- wreckage cleared, service back, st. petersburg trying to be normal. it is astonishing how quickly scenes of chaos and carnage can
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-- can be replaced by an air of normality. as you can see, the metro is up and running today. but look over here and you see a reminder of yesterday's drama. people are normally rushing by at the metro. not today. some here said prayers for the dead. but returning to normal isn't easy. more metro stations were shut today because of bomb threats. one hero from this tragedy is the driver of the train for keeping calm and not stopping in the tunnel. "i was just doing my job," he says. russian investigators now say that yesterday's attack on the train was carried out by a 22-year-old man from central asia who had been living in st. petersburg. they are searching for clues to explain why. that is a question that people of st. petersburg are asking. this has been a day of mourning
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here, i gave her paying respects -- a day for paying respects to , the passengers of the metro train who never made it home. steve rosenberg, bbc news, st. petersburg. tim: more than 260 people died when they were swept away by mud, rocks, and debris in the oa.ombian town of moc an emergency has been declared, and authorities are trying to get aid to those who sought neighborhoods swept away. our correspondent reports from mocoa. laura: in macoa, they are finding the missing, but there are no comforting reunions. those who have survived pick through their remaining possessions. this man lost family and friends but saved many lives in the , worst hit neighborhood with a flashlight. he calls it his savior.
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>> i was the only one who had a flashlight. the darkness was everywhere and people everywhere were shouting. i tried to shine light on them, when they shouted "here she is, the savior." laura: they are doing all they can to reclaim their homes from the mud. the people settled here were displaced after years of conflict. and now once again they have nowhere to go. colombia has endured 52 years of war, and now the president said they must prepare for another battle, one against a changing climate. he believes warmer and wetter conditions are on the increase, and it is turning this mountainous landscape into a killer. but for now, there is a more immediate problem, no clean running water, and with so many dead bodies still to find of -- find, this is a breeding ground for disease. and still they search, but with little hope. over 300 people are still missing, many of them young children. work is already underway to
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repair and rebuild the scar this torrent of water has inflated on -- inflicted on the town, but the wounds may never heal. bbc news, macoa, colombia. tim: still to come, as the senate prepares for a supreme court showdown, we look at president trump's opportunity to shake up the judiciary. in northern ireland have been jailed for the sexual abuse of a woman they held captive for eight years. toth baker was sentenced eight years. his wife to three. reporter: for almost a decade, a secretive serial abuse. inside their home and hidden
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from view, keith and carolyn baker capped a woman with severe learning disabilities a prisoner . during those eight years, keith and his wife raped and repeatedly assaulted her. he was raping me for 13 years, and i could not tell anyone about it. with the she lived couple and is the mother of some of keith baker's children. she says she did not know the figures were abusing the woman in their house, but contacted the police because of the conditions he was being kept in. >> she acted like she was a 12-year-old. there was no light bulb. no carpet on the floor. window.ins against the it was like a little prison. they are sick people. really sick people.
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reporter: police found the woman t bedroom.unli she weighed six stone. the woman had been reported missing by her husband in england in 2004. when the bakers took her to northern ireland supposedly on holiday. authorities on both sides of the questions over how she ended up in the hands of a couple who abused her under the pretense of offering her a home. tim: the scene is set for a senate showdown on friday when a whether ore held on not to confirm president trump's nominee, neil gorsuch. have enough votes
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to stage a filibuster. the fight over the judiciary branch goes much deeper than one top job, and the president has the opportunity to change the face of america's federal courts for a generation. jane o'brien explains. jane: he's gotten mad with the media, riled by russia, and given a headache over health care. but it is the federal courts that have made president trump fume. >> attacking the legal system. president trump: will fight this terrible ruling. jane: and now he has a chance to shake them up. >> is possible he will replace one third of the judiciary in four years. a republican senator was slow to confirm president obama's nominees. there is a big backlog. there are over 100 vacancies on the court. he has great potential to impact our federal judiciary than any president in recent memory.
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jane: while all eyes are on mr. trump's nomination to the supreme court, neil gorsuch, the president's power to appoint judges will ripple through the entire judicial system. >> when you think of the judicial system, think of a giant pyramid. at the top the supreme court and , only a handful of cases get to the supreme court. then you have the intermediate courts. the big base of the pyramid, deep district courts. that is where it all happens, and that is why they are also important. jane: federal courts rule on a whole range of issues, including guns, immigration, and abortion. they also have the power to thwart the best laid plans of congress and the president. >> the federal courts have the last word on whether something will fly in this country, and president trump, the power to appoint these judges, that is raw political power.
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tim: jane o'brien reporting. the neilst and turn of gorsuch nomination, we expect that to go nuclear by the end of the week, and the nomination to go through with a simple geordie on friday. on friday.ajority president trump has strong ties to scotland. his mother was born there and he has golf courses there. politically, he is a part from nicola sturgeon. californiageon is in launching a defense of globalization. she is speaking at stanford university. james cook caught up with her. james: the prime minister of scotland on a global stage. where she hopes to stride as the .eader of an independent nation
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scotland rejected independence in 2014, the world has changed. with the u.k. landing to leave the eu, nicola sturgeon has another challenge. nicola sturgeon: there is a danger it will leave the eu in the most damaging way possible. it is counterproductive for the u.k. to prioritize control of immigration over any other outcome for brexit. it is damaging for a country like scotland. james: yesterday, nicola sturgeon met jerry brown. they signed a pledge to combat climate change, in contrast to the republican white house which is prioritizing economic growth. is not meeting anyone from president trump's 5 daystration during her
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in the united states p h he did meet tim cook to discuss pioneering medical research, and holding talks with other firms like tesla. sturgeon: meeting companies like apple and tesla, trying to take challenges the , and not only lead the world in doing the right thing, but trying to get the economic and -- economic advancement in investments. james: what about conservatives who say you are grandstanding and talking too much about independence? it is all then: more important now in light of brexit that scotland get out there and sell the message about what an attractive place we are to do business. that is part of my job. james: she sketched out a political philosophy of an open country which uses the fruits of free trade to benefit everyone in society.
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how much modern scotland agrees with this vision they determine the future of her country. breakthrough that could help millions of people around the world who do not have access to clean drinking water. scientists in britain have ive that makes seawater into a form that is drinkable. reporter: it is three times the strength of steel, flexible, and a sheet can be the thickness of a single atom. it is described as a miracle material. manchester, it is used as a filter to take salt out of seawater. the aim is to convert seawater into a form that is drinkable. >> this technology is giving clean water to millions of people around the world and in a
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couple of years time. reporter: like any sieve, this graphene has tiny holes in it that lets water through but not salt. in the past it has not worked properly. that is because the graphene weakens and holes get bigger. researchers here have coded it -- coated it with a chemical to stop it from expanding. the water here is completely salt-free. and this is why it matters. according to the u.n. drinking water will be scarce for 1.2 billion people by 2025. >> if you don't have it, a -- it compromises everything. a lot of things rest on this basic human right and this is why we focus a lot on this. reporter: current desalination plants such as this one in london are expensive. it costs 270 million pounds to build, and they use a lot of energy.
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but technology is improving. the graphene-based filter could be a much cheaper and greener solution. the big question is whether it works as well in real situations as it does in the lab. bbc news at the national graphene institute in manchester. -- >> if you want one it is 59.6 carats and has a price tag to match. it sold for $71 million. a new record for the most expensive gem bought at auction. pink diamond, mind in south africa, owned by the hong kong jewelers.
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you'll have to wait until they decide to sell it . plenty more on the website, >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and voya financial. -- and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a suspected syrian government attack using chemical weapons leaves dozens dead and many more injured, in a province controlled by rebels. then, the fox news network is on the receiving end of another sexual harassment suit, as some advertisers pull away from the scandal-plagued network. and, texas is the first state in the country to allow classroom cameras to protect students with disabilities, but legal and ethical questions arise. >> parents can't get access to that footage unless they know something's happened. they have to be able to say, "i would like footage from this day," and ideally "from this time o


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